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     After marrying and having two children in Northborough, Antipas and his family moved to Townsend, Massachusetts. No obvious reason for this has been found. He was a poor man, or so it seems. This led to a record of the day of their move. When Massachusetts towns had non-native residents who were at risk of becoming a financial burden on the town, they were "warned out." The Bartletts found themselves in this situation. The selectmen of Townsend cited Antipas, Lois and their children Lucy and "Gail" as risks and warned them out on 31 October 1775. They "came last from Northberry...from November the 17th 1774."(1.0) In their case, they managed to prove their capacity for self-sufficiency and stayed in Townsend. Antipas served as a private in Capt. Aaron Jewett’s company of Col. Samuel Bullard’s Revolutionary War regiment as one of the "three months men to the Westward" who enlisted on 8 August 1777. This appears on muster rolls collected by the Town of Townsend in May 1778.(1.1) Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War limits the service to between 10 September and 7 November 1777. The town record appears more accurate given the three months between 8 August and 7 November. There is a muster roll in Jewett's hand and dated 23 November that lists Antipas (of "Townshend") as being due his "travailing expense" of 140 miles.(1.2)

It was a penny a mile, amounting to 11 shillings and 8 pence. Others on the list marched nearly twice that much, including some of the "three months men." Since Saratoga is roughly 140 miles round trip from Townsend, it's very likely Antipas was there. It is assumed that they were among troops who were held in reserve and not engaged in battle, but they were present at the ceremonial surrender of Gen. Burgoyne to George Washington. Capt. Jewett made this pay list in "Scarsdel," undoubtedly Scarsdale, New York. Many in his regiment must have signed on for more service and went with him down the Hudson Valley. This explains the difference in marching distance. There is a duplicate Town of Townsend list that gives the amount of money the town would pay the soldiers. Antipas was paid much less than most of the other "three months men," but this discrepancy is a mystery since Daniel Spaulding, who also marched 140 miles, was to be given £ 6 compared to Antipas' £ 2. Antipas is also on a list of Townsend men who enlisted for a term of five months to march to Canada. No date or regiment is given, and the list also includes men who made donations or were renumerated for services toward the revolutionary cause.
     In 1781 Antipas bought land in Townsend from Benoni and Zebediah Wallis. Their father had died there in 1777 (and perhaps their stepmother Martha closer to 1781), and research may reveal that this was his homestead. Elizabeth, Jotham and Sarah, children of Antipas and Lois who were undoubtedly born in Townsend, aren't recorded there. This is surely due to the fact that in most New England towns in the 18th century, births were recorded in groups rather than contemporaneously to the birth itself as they are today. Their next child is recorded in Northborough in 1784, which makes sense given that his father sold him his homestead farm, or at least an interest in it, in 1783.
     As discussed in Jotham's biography at this site, Jotham probably lived in the gambrel-roofed house that now forms the back part of 181 East Main Street in Northborough, and this is where Antipas was raised. The brick house that faces the street is likely an early 19th century building built either for Antipas and his family or that of his son Gill. The buildings each have a wall that overlaps along one corner, making this residential complex very unusual. The houses could have been separate. It can only be speculated why they are attached, and in a way that probably allows access from one to the other.

a portion of the 1830 Gill Valentine map of Northborough, reoriented so that top is west.

Two houses labeled "E. B. Bartlett" (Edward Broughton Bartlett) and "G. Bartlett" (Gill Bartlett) are likely the two contiguous houses now addressed as 181 East Main Street.

181 East Main Street. The small, wooden house on the right is where Antipas was born, raised and died, it being his father's house. The brick house was likely built for his son Gill perhaps about 1807, with the older house left intact for his parents.

     Although Lois White’s family had moved from Lancaster to Putney, VT, by about 1769, Lois may either have stayed behind or returned to Massachusetts when she was older. The Northborough town records note Antipas and Lois' intentions to marry (required in case someone objected on just grounds), Antipas being of Northborough and Lois of Lancaster.(1.2) She is called Lois, Jr., in that record, likely to differentiate her from another Lancaster woman with that name who was three years her elder and probably not yet married. That the Lois White who married Antipas came from the Thomas and Sarah (Broughton) White family is confirmed further by her son Gill Bartlett naming one of his sons "Edward Broughton Bartlett." Edward Broughton was the name of Sarah Broughton’s father.
     Antipas served occasionally in town offices. He was a surveyor of highways,(1.3) fenceviewer,(1.4) field driver,(1.5) (to be continued)
     After the second Northborough meeting house building was put up in 1808, Antipas bought a pew or bought pew ground there (and had a pew installed himself as was often the case). He left the pew to his wife in his will. He also left her his "right" in the Northborough Library. This was started by 30 men as a "social" library and by 1793 it reportedly had 100 books.(2) A record held by the Northborough Historical Society shows that Antipas and other members were delinquent on their dues years later.

(copyright 2003, Doug Sinclair)

The former Unitarian Church at Northborough, replicated in slightly smaller scale after a fire destroyed the original building in 1945.

The will of Antipas Bartlett:

In the name of God, Amen

I Antipas Bartlett of Northborough, in the County of Worcester and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, yoeman, being advanced in years and weak in Body, but of sound mind, blessed be the Almighty God for the same, do make and publish this my last Will and Testament in manner and form following.


I give to my wife Lois Bartlett all the Household furniture except the clock, to dispose of as she shall think proper, all my books for her own & the use of my right in Northborough Library during her natural life - also I give her one cow and two sheep for her own such as she shall choose and a horse and chaise to be tackled by my executor for her use when she shall wish for one. - and I give her the improvement of my part of the dwelling house and cellar and to pass and repass down cellar and to the well of water and other places where it shall be necessary, during her widowhood. I also give her the improvement of tow thirds of my homestead farm & the improvement of two thirds of my barns during her widowhood - also the use of my pew in Northborough meeting house and the use of two cider barrells and two meat tubs during her widowhood.


I give to my son Jotham Bartlett one dollar to be paid by my executor hereafer named at my decease.


I give to my son Josiah Bartlett four hundred dollars, to be paid by my executor hereafter named in one year after my decease, if the said Josiah Bartlett pay the money for which I am surety for him and save my executor harmless but if my executor must pay the money then I give to my said son Josiah Bartlett twenty dollars to be paid by my executor hereafer named in one year after my decease.


I give to my son Antipas Bartlett, Jr., ten dollars, to be paid by my executor hereafter named in five years after my decease and if he shall be sick and unable to support himself at any period of his life then my executor hereafer named shall support him.


I give to my daughter Lucy Bartlett, wife of Perley Bartlett, two hundred dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named in one year after my decease.


I give to my daughter Miriam Rice, wife of Caleb Rice, and to her heirs, the farm on which they live in Lunenburg in the County of Essex and State of Vermont, and is the same farm which I hold by deed from Caleb Rice, dated the 13th day of December A. D. 1806. Also I give my said daughter Miriam Rice two hundred dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named in one year after my decease.


I give to my daughter Sally Eames, wife of Stephen Eames, two hundred dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named in one year after my decease.


I give to my daughter Lois Felton, wife of William Felton, two hundred dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named in one year after my decease.


I give to my daughter Thirza Bigelow, wife of Edward Bigelow, and to her heirs, my pew in the Northborough meeting house when my wife Lois Bartlett shall cease to occupy it and tow hundred dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named in one year after my decease.


I give to my grandsons Albert Bartlett & Henry Bartlett, sons of Josiah Bartlett, fifty dollars each to be paid by my executor hereafter named when they shall arrive at the age of twenty one years.


I give to my son Gill Bartlett all my real estate wheresoever lying and wherever found of every kind, sort & description except my pew in Northborough meeting house, I also give him my clock together with all my personal estate of every sort, kind and description except what is otherwise given away in this will and except also the farm given to Miriam Rice in this will. All the aforesaid property both real & personal I give to my son Gill Bartlett on condition that he pay all my just debts, funeral charges, legacees and fulfill every part of this will according to the true intent and meaning thereof and if my wife shall die my widow, he shall give her a decent Christian burial.


I do hereby constitute, ordain and appoint my son Gill Bartlett of Northborough aforesaid to be the sole executor of this my last will and testament, which I hereby notify and confirm, revoking & nullifying everthing else of this kind whatever.

In witness whereof, I have herewith set my hand & seal the twenty seventh day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventeen.

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the above named Antipas Bartlett to be his last will and testament in presence of us, who have hereunto subscribed our named as witnesses in presence of the testator.

Jonas Bartlett
Elizer Holyoke
Nahum Fay

[signed] Antipas Bartlett

Proved by Nathl. Paine, Judge of Probate, Worcester Co., 4 November 1817.

     Antipas is buried in the cemetery behind the former Unitarian Church in Northborough next to his father. His wife Lois died in Marlborough several decades later and is probably next to him, but markers apparently were not made for her or her mother-in-law.

(copyright 2004, Doug Sinclair)

children of Antipas and Lois (White) Bartlett:(4)

i. Lucy b. 5 March 1772
ii. Gill b. 15 October 1773
iii. Miriam b. 1776/1777
iv. Sarah b. abt 1779
v. Jotham b. 1781/1782
vi. Josiah b. 17 January 1784
vii. Lois b. 8 April 1785
viii. Hannah b. 31 May 1787, d. 14 July 1796
ix. Antipas b. 2 February 1790
x. Thirza b. 6 June 1791

vital records sources: Antipas' birth date comes from Nortborough vital records, his marriage is recorded in both the Northborough and Lancaster vital records and his death is found in the Northborough vital records and on his gravestone.

1. Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the Revolutionary War
1.0 "Vital Records of Townsend, Massachusetts" (Online Database:, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2006), from the book Vital Records of Townsend, Massachusetts, transcribed by Henry C. Hallowell, assisted by Lee K. Kugler and Caroline Lewis Kardell (New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, 1992), p. 450.
1.1 Revolutionary War pension file of John Sherwin.
1.1 Ibid. There are additional notes made by Abel Jewett for Sherman's application, who must have had Aaron Jewett's papers. He notes a receipt among the papers when Jewett gave his lieutenant Daniel Sherwin money to pay 10 men for their 1777 service. That was on 6 February 1779. Most of the men were on the "three months men" list, but they were also the men in the regiment who lived in Townsend, including Sherwin. 1.2 Northborough town records, vital records volume (LDS microfilm designation "Births, marriages and intentions, and deaths, 1761-1860), p. 2.
1.3 Ibid, 6 Mar. 1786, p. 297.
1.4 Ibid, 12 Mar. 1787, p. 316; 8 Mar. 1790, p. 361.
1.5 Ibid, 9 Mar. 1789, p. 350.
2. Josiah C. King, Northborough History (Newton:1921), citing Rev. Peter Whitney's 1793 History of the County of Worcester, etc.
3. Worcester Co. probate docket #3920.
4. Northborough vital records and various death records (Miriam's death at age 65 in Lunenburg, VT and Jotham's at age 53 in Shrewsbury, MA, recorded in vital records).

all text and photographs © 1998-2013 by Doug Sinclair unless where otherwise noted