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The prevailing spelling of this family's name in Jonas' lifetime was "Bartlet."

See this explanation about the use of the spellings "Bartlet" or "Bartlett" in the articles about Doug Sinclair's line of ancestors.Jonas Bartlett

     Jonas inherited half his father's farm in Marlborough in 1764, which included land in Marlborough and the Northborough Precinct of Westborough. His mother was given the other half. "The back part of the house" was excepted and given to his sisters Mary and Mercy while they were single. 1 There isn't a record of Mary's or her mother's death, which would show how long an extended family lived in the house after Daniel's death, but by the time of the 1790 census, Jonas apparently was sole owner of the property. It was evidently home to Jonas, his wife, all six of their surviving children, a daughter-in-law and a grandchild.
      A 1789 Marlborough tax lists Jonas as having 2 polls (probably Jonas and Jonas, Jr., who was about 18 at the time), real estate valued at £41 and personal estate valued at £6, 9 shillings.2 The 1798 "Direct Tax" indicates his homestead farm was largely within the bounds of Marlborough, bounded to the south by the "County Road," which is now East Main Street in Northborough, and otherwise Rt. 20.3 In 1807 Jonas and Jonas, Jr., petitioned to have the border between Northborough and Marlborough changed from the west border of the property to the east, which would put them entirely in Northborough.4 Committees from both towns discussed this and the one from Northborough said, after some disgreement, "they were induced to agree with the committee from Marlborough because Jonas Bartlett Jun. said that for the highway taxes paid by him and his father, he will support the road and keep it in good repair ten years from the present town line to the proposed town line when it shall be established."
     The 1798 tax says that there was on the farm a 2 story wooden house with 15 windows. The main part of the house is it now stands is laid out in a classic, early to mid 18th century plan. His father's wills mention a "back" portion of the house, and access to it through "the east rooms." He intended that to be a home for his single daughters Mary and Mercy. The current footprint of the house tells us that if there was a back portion, it was demolished, and suggests it had a "saltbox" type of configuration - the back slope of the roof continuing down to the first story. This would help explain why there were so few windows in 1798, the back portion having perhaps a door and a few windows. The arrangement of the windows on the gable ends were probably changed from one over one, which was common in the early to mid 18th century, to two over two, perhaps when the back slope was removed.
     The chimneys, cornice and windows themselves were also changed. The front door is higher than usual on the facade, suggesting the original entry had a transom. The doorway was raised to incorporate the transom space and a higher stoop added. All these changes were probably made by Jonas, Jr. after his father died. An old photograph of the house, probably roughly before 1900, shows a Victorian style doorway, and the doorway appears to be raised. The portico now on the front entry was built about the turn of the 19th century. This was likely when the small, diamond-pane window was added above the entry, when the Colonial Revival style was popular. The leaded window now at the Northborough Historical Society Museum is thought to have once been in that spot on the house, given the diamond panes and that it was found in the house. Given the age of diamond-paned, leaded windows, it probably came from the older Goodenow Garrison that Daniel bought in 1740 and which remained in the Bartlett family to at least 1830. It may have inspired the similar window in the Bartlett House.      Inside the house the 18th century origins are clear. The floor plan is typical of center chimney houses. Although the original chimney is gone, the fireplaces remain and two smaller chimneys were built to service them. Also typical is the narrow stairway to the second floor placed between the front door and what was the chimney. The banister has been replaced by one in the Colonial Revival style, suggesting it was part of the remodelling evident on the outside. There are summer beams in the two main downstairs rooms, which were used to support center chimney frame-work in the 17th and 18th centuries.



     

left: a modern view of the Bartlett house; right: a conjectured view of the house as built for Daniel Bartlet based on a photograph of a local house that dates from the mid 18th century. The other house is very similar in proportion and in window size and placement, and it shows the original lean-to shape, multi-paned windows and center chimney.

Colonial era summer beams still exist in the two main rooms downstairs

A view of the staircase from the second floor. The arrangement is typical of 17th and early 18th century houses with large central chimneys.

The Direct Tax also says that the land on which his house sat was 90 acres and also had a 1 story wooden "outhouse." A separate listing for Jonas accounts for a farm of 80 acres, with a 70' by 30' barn and a "cyder house" 40' by 24'.





This property was bounded on the west by the Northborough town line with the county road "running through." In his will, his homestead farm was 108 acres. It's unlikely the tax refers to 2 different farms. Another smaller lot was on the south side of the road and adjacent to Northborough. That lot would have been divided from Antipas Bartlett's property (son of Jotham, which lot had the Goodenow Garrison on it) by Stirrup Brook. Jonas also had a 10 acre lot in Northborough (which was likely contiguous with his homestead lot in Marlborough), a lot called the "Rice" or "River" pasture and jointly owned lots (no buildings) with Joel Parmenter in both towns. An 1803 map of Marlborough shows the house with the names "Jona." and Joel Bartlett beside it.5 There is no reason to think that "Jona." referred to Jonathan. Jonas had a son named Joel who was likely living with him before he married. Jonas, Jr., bought a half share of the homestead, several lots and items associated with the farm in April 1804, shortly before Jonas, Sr., wrote his will.
     The 1800 census for Jonas' household includes a male and a female over 45 (Jonas and Elizabeth).6 There were 2 males and 2 females 16-25, likely son Joel and daughters Elizabeth/Betsey and Martha/Patty, all unmarried at the time. Three other people also lived there - males 16-25, 10-15 and a female under 10.
     Jonas served in a local company of militia in the 4th Middlesex (County) regiment of Capt. Paul Brigham of Marlborough. Brigham compiled a list of service for his men during the Revolution.7 This may be the only documentary evidence of Jonas serving in that war. He was in the Continental Army for "1 turn" in 1776 and in the militia as part of the "Northern Army" for three and a half months in 1777, also referred to as "1 turn." A "turn" in this context probably means full service for as long as it was needed. Based on other descriptions of 1776 service on the Brigham list, there were three separate events. Two can be identified primarily as work fortifying Fort Ticonderoga and participating in the Battle of White Plains, both in New York State. The third included Jonas, and the most likely event for him was fortifying the American position at Dorchester Heights, leading to the end of the "Siege of Boston" in early March. His service in 1777 was very likely in response to the "Alarm at Bennington." Many New England men were sent to the Saratoga area to help repel British General Burgoyne as part of the "Northern Army." There were so many regiments that they weren't all needed. Held in reserve during the battles at Saratoga, those who weren't engaged were present when Burgoyne surrendered on 17 October. Jonas, presumably, and his nephew Antipas Bartlett were both there in reserve as part of Col. Samuel Bullard's regiment under different captains. Another ancestor of Doug Sinclair named David Cunningham served under the same circumstances, marching from Cummington in Berkshire County. This possible timeline of his service allows Jonas to be home about when his children Joel and Martha were conceived.
     Jonas married Elizabeth later in life, but there is no evidence found of an earlier marriage. They were second cousins once removed. John and Mary How of Sudbury and Marlborough were her paternal great-great grandparents and his maternal great grandparents. No record has been found of their marriage or even their intentions, but the estate papers of Elizabeth's father Ezekiel How contain the signatures of heirs, among them being Jonas and Elizabeth Bartlett.8 To put an even finer point on it, Elizabeth's death record at Northborough gives her full age at death, putting her birth the same day as Ezekiel's daughter.

The will of Jonas Bartlet:9

In the name of God, Amen

the seventeeth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and four.

I Jonas Bartlet of Marlborough, in the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, yoeman, being advanced in age but of perfect mind and memory thanks be given to God for the same, calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die fo make and ordain this my last will and testament, that is to say principally and first of all I give and recommend my soul unto the hands of God who gave it and my body I recommend unto the earth to be buried in a decent Christian burial at the descretion of my executory hereafer named, not doubting but at the general resurrection I shall receive? the same again by the mighty power of God and as touching such worldly estate with which it hath pleased God to bless me in this life I give, dimise? and dispose of the same in the following manner & form.

Imprimis

I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Elizabeth Bartlet all my indoor moveables of every sort and kind, one horse and two cows for her own to dispose of as she pleases - Also the improvement of one half of my dwelling house meaning the west end, the improvement of one half of all my other buildings, the improvement of one half of my homestead farm, lying partly in Marlborough and partly in Northborough in the County of Worcester containing by estimation one hundred and eight acres, be the same more or less, the improvement of one half of the River Pasture, so called, lying partly in Marlborough and partly in Northborough, containing by estimation thirty acres by the same more or less, the improvement of one half of a piece of land known by the name of Stirrup Meadow, lying partly in Marlboro and partly in Northborough, containing by estimation five acres and half be the same more or less, and also the improvement of one half of lot No 4 lying in cold barbour cedar swamp in the westerly part of the town of Northborough, except one acre at the east end of said lot which belongs to Antipas Bartlet, the aforesaid lands and buildings lie in common and undivided with my son Jonas Bartlet, Junr., and he holds his half by deed from me dated the second day of April instant and the boundaries of the several pieces of land are expressed in said deed, the improvement of the aforesaid buildings and lands I give to my beloved wife during her natural life and at her decease they shall descend to my beloved son Jonas Bartlet, Junr., or to his legal representative.

Item

I give and bequeath to my beloved son Perley Bartlet of Wilmington in the State of Vermont one hundred and seventy dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named, one half in one year after my decease and the other half at the decease of my wife, this with what I have given him I take to be his full share in my estate.

Item

I give and bequeath to my beloved son Joel Bartlet of Marlborough ninety dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named one half at my decease and the other half at the decease of my wife, this with what I have given him I take to be his full share in my estate.

Item

I give and bequeath to my daughter Patty Bartlett one hundred dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named one half at my decease and the other half at the decease of my wife, also liberty to live in one of the lower rooms in my dwelling house while she lived unmarried - and when she shall marry, one cow to be delivered to her by my executor, this with what I have given her I take to be her full share in my estate.

Item

I give and bequeath to my beloved daughter Caty Clisby, the wife of Jonas Clisby of Acworth in the State of New Hampshire one hundred and thirty dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named one half at my decease and the other half at the decease of my wife, this together with what I have given her I take to be her full share in my estate.

Item

I give and bequeath to my beloved daughter Betsy Clisby, the wife of Solon. Clisby of Alstead in the State of New Hampshire one hundred dollars to be paid by my executor hereafter named one half at my decease and the other half at the decease of my wife, this with what I have given him I take to be his full share in my estate.

Item

I give and bequeath to my beloved son Jonas Bartlet, Junr., all my buildings and lands at my decease if I should outlive my wife, but if she should outlive me, then he shall have them at her decease - my buildings and lands are in common and undivided with my said son Jonas Bartlet, Junr., and consist of one undivided moiety of the buildings and homestead farm lying partly in Marlborough and partly in Northborough in the County of Worcester containing by estimation one hundred and eight acres, be the same more or less, one undivided moiety of the River Pasture, so called, lying partly in Marlborough and partly in Northborough, containing by estimation thirty acres by the same more or less, one undivided moiety of a piece of land known by the name of Stirrup Meadow, lying partly in Marlboro and partly in Northborough, containing by estimation five acres and half be the same more or less, and one undivided moiety of lot No 4 lying in cold harbour cedar swamp in the westerly part of the town of Northborough, except one acre at the east end of said lot which belongs to Antipas Bartlet, the aforesaid lands and buildings lie in common an undivided with my son Jonas Bartlet, Junr., he holds the other half reference thereto being had for the same. I also give him all my stock consisting of horses neat cattle sheep and swine at my decease except those I have otherwise disposed of in this will - also all my farming tools of every sort and kind with all my outdoor moveables - also all my books - also all my notes, book accounts, bonds, writings and papers of every sort and kind - also all my money which shall be on hand at my decease and all the residue and remainder of my estate of every sort and kind which is not mentioned in this will.

Item

I hereby order my son Jonas Bartlet, Junr., to pay all the legacies, all my past debts and funeral charges and at the decease of his hond. mother to give her a decent Christian burial.

finally I do hereby constitute, make and ordain my well beloved son Jonas Bartlet, Junr., above named my sole executor of this my last will and testament, satisfying and confirming this and no other to be my last will and testament.

In witness whereof, I Jonas Bartlet have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written

Signed, sealed and published and declared by the said Jonas Bartlet to be his last will and testament in presence of us

John Carruth, Jr.
Josiah Bartlet
Nahum Fay

signed Jonas Bartlet

Proved by Nathl. Paine, Judge of Probate, Worcester Co., on 6 September 1808.




children of Jonas Bartlet and Elizabeth How:9

i. Elizabeth b. 6 January 1765, died young
ii. "Betty" (Elizabeth) b. 6 January 1768, died young
iii. Jonas b. 21 February 1771
iv. Perley b. 14 October 1772
v. Joel b. 15 August 1776
vi. "Patty" (Martha?) b. 26 April 1778
vii. "Caty" (Catharine) b. 22 April, bap. as "Kate," 26 August 1781, Northborough
viii. "Betsey" (Elizabeth) b. 13 February, bap. 11 May 1783, Northborough



vital records sources: Jonas' birth date comes from Vital Records of Marlborough, Massachusetts, to the end of the year 1849 (Worcester:1908), 24; his death is from Vital Records of Northborough, Massachusetts, to the end of the year 1849 (Worcester:1901), 127, age 79 y, 3 m, 3 d., and his gravestone.

1. Middlesex County Probate Court, case #1338.
2. digital images of an original mss at http://freepages.history.rootsweb.com/~historyofmarlborough/1789p1.htm#1789.
3. www.newenglandancestors.org, Massachusetts and Maine 1798 Direct Tax database.
4. Town meeting, 6 April 1807, p. 188-189, and 4 May 1807, 191-192. See also Massachusetts Special Laws, 4:3, 112.
5. http://freepages.history.rootsweb.com/~historyofmarlborough/1803mapsections.htm#1803
6. Jonas Bartlet household, 1800 US census, NARA microfilm publications, series M32, roll 17, p. 189.
7. The New England Historic Genealogical Register, vol. 27 (Boston:1874), 286.
8. Worcester County Probate Court, case #31641. Other than routine documents such as an adminstrator's bond, there is nothing else in the packet of original documents. No inventory was taken. Missing are receipts from the heirs when they were given their shares, but they are in 2:27-8 of the volumes of recorded probate material.
9. Vital Records of Marlborough, Massachusetts, to the end of the year 1849 (Worcester:1908), 23-24; Caty and Betsey's baptisms are supposedly in the Northborough Church of Christ records, but not confirmed.

all text and photographs © 1998-2019 by Doug Sinclair unless where otherwise noted