go to Elizabeth Haskell's page
Crewlists for the Port of Salem give a look at Ezra's beginning as a seaman. The earliest found was in 1804, when he is described as 18 (he was actually 17), 5' 8" and with dark-hair. He sailed on the ship Endeavor, Capt. James Buffinton, out of Philadelphia for Marseilles. The ship and crew were based in Salem, so why the record of the trip starts in Philadelphia isn't apparent. The Salem Register of 12 November reports that the ship had arrived in Philadelphia "in 13 days," but no sailing notice from Salem appears in the newspapers. They were cleared to sail from Philadelphia on 22 November.(1) They were reported at Gibraltar presumably already having been to Marseilles, on 22 April 1805, to head for Salem in 10 days.(2) The Salem Gazette of 5 July reported that the ship had returned on the first of that month.
Ezra's next trip was in the following August on the same ship, but a different master (Jeremiah Page). The crewlist is dated 6 August 1805, and this time he was 20 years old, off by two years. Their destination was Isle de France, now Martinique. They reportedly had just arrived on 26 November.(3) The 14 April issue of the Register says that Endeavor was at "Bourbon," 2 January 1806, from Isle de France, and was loading. Given that they were heading for India, this may be a reference to Isle Bourbon, now Reunion Island, east of Madagascar. The 9 May issue of the Gazette says that the ship had sailed from Isle de France at the end of January for Calcutta. One of the January references must be wrong. They sailed from India on 2 May and arrived back in Salem on 25 September.(4). The arrival notice mentions that sugar was expensive and hard to come by in Calcutta, as were fabric "piece goods." Why Capt. Buffington knew this becomes apparent in an ad in the Democrat of Boston, shown below, providing a nice snapshot of the goods they were shipping.
A less extensive trip came next aboard the brig Industry (136 tons). It was cleared by 9 December 1806 for "Leghorn," which is the English name for the Italian city of Livorno.(5) Jonathan Cook was the captain. About mid March 1807 they were in Barcelona after a 105 day leg from Salem.(6) They were still there on 5 May, and were reported "riding quarantine" in that month.(7) Industry arrived back in Salem on 28 July, 65 days from Barcelona.(8) A later notice says they sailed from Salou, Spain.(9) No mention of having been in Leghorn was found.
Ezra downsized again when he sailed on the schooner Two Brothers, Capt. Nathaniel Fowler.(10) The crewlist is dated 13 October 1807, and they were cleared to sail and may have already left by the 15th for the Weat Indies.(11) They were back in Salem from Trinidad after 30 days sailing on 23 January 1808.(12) The ship's log, excerpted in the paper, says that on 30 December, 3 days sailing distance from St. Croix, they were boarded by the British sloop-of-war Melville and told that St. Croix and St. Thomas had surrendered to England within the previous 10 days.
There is a gap of about a year when Ezra isn't found on a crew list, as they are transcribed for the Mystic Seaport website. He is next found on the schooner Anson (106 tons), Capt. Zachariah Morgan. He was the mate, and he may have waited through 1808 for the first opportunity to get that position, having previously been a regular "seaman." Also possible is that the crew list no longer exists for an inbetween trip. The lists for Anson are missing in 1808 and early 1809. They were cleared to sail for Cayenne (the crew list says Havana was the destination) in French Guiana around 24-26 April 1809.(13) They were there by 21 June, "to sail in 4 days for a market, having landed part of his cargo."(14) After a 17 day trip from St. Barts, Anson was in Beverly by 12 August 1809.(15)
An Ezra Ellingwood appears on a list of soldiers in the War of 1812. He
served between 21 June and 22 August 1814 in Capt. Lamson’s company of
Lieut. Col. Levi Dodge’s (third) regiment.(16) Their activity in the war has
not yet been found.
Ezra as ship master is so far a mystery. He hasn't yet been postively connected with any ships as the captain. He was co-owner, with many others, of
the bark San Francisco out of Beverly (168 tons), made in Cumberland, ME,
in 1839 and registered on 6 August 1839. It was advertised to sail with
a party to California in the same year. It is safe to assume that this
group of investors wanted a piece of the Gold Rush.
the brig Poconocket out of Beverly (149 tons), which was made in Brewer,
ME, in 1847 and registered on 30 September 1853. His partner and master of
the boat was his brother-in-law Joseph Thissell Haskell.(17) The boat was registered
again on 13 August 1856 under the ownership of Ezra and his sister-in-law Augusta Obear.
The ship was lost at sea.
found in the collection of Virginia Carpenter records payments made by
Ezra in connection with two schooners, Bunker Hill and German. Of German nothing further has been found, but Bunker Hill was made in Northport, Maine, with dimensions of about 79 feet length, 23 feet width and 127 tons.(18) It was registered at Salem in March 1832 and at
Beverly in June of that year under the ownership of Ezra and Henry Larcom, a cousin by marriage.
Beginning in 1829
and for several years, Beverly tax records give brief descriptions of the
real and personal estates of the heads of households in town.(19)
Here we learn
that Ezra was part owner of (John) Safford's Wharf. Personal estates in the tax
records were limited to items of highest value. Ezra had vessels, stocks
and cash on his list. It is safe to say that he was financially comfortable.
He was probably living with
his father up to this time, who, according to his Revolutionary War pension
file, was living very modestly with an infirm wife and sister (Lois) in 1818. This source also says that Ezra bought their house at an inflated price in 1821 in order to defray John's debt to him for supporting him, his wife and sister. This doesn't correspond to the tax records. The 1825 and 1828 taxes list John with the real estate, Ezra, aside from a comfortable personal estate that jumped $3,000 in those 3 years, only had ownership or part interest in Safford's Wharf. The latter was also known as Ellingwood's wharf and was directly across the street from the Ellingwood houses by the ferry. The 1829 taxes finally say that Ezra owned a house and land and John was part owner. Ezra's personal property of the greatest value (to which the taxes were apparently limited) were "stock in trade, vessel & money" totalling $6,500 in value. His personal estate had been $6,000 the previous year. What filled his coffers between 1825 and 1828 hasn't been discovered. In 1830 and 1831, John was back to being the only real estate owner. In 1830 Ezra was taxed for part of a wharf, leaving to question how large his interest was if he didn't own it outright. A gain in personal property by 1831 was relatively modest.
At 46, Ezra married Elizabeth Haskell in 1834. She was 24. Perhaps due to his new familial relationship, Ezra was appointed guardian of
Elizabeth's under-age siblings (who, including Elizabeth, were orphaned in 1829), probably to oversee the sale of some of their father's land in 1835. Ezra and his growing family moved to a house on the southwest corner of Cabot
and Federal Streets on what was known as Ellis Square by 1850. This house is said to have been built for Benjamin Ellinwood in the 1784. The house is gone, but photographs allow a comparison to another house in Beverly that was very similar to it. The design is unusual, so they were undoubtedly made by the same builder.
the Ellingwood house, Cabot and Federal Streets.
Noble Mansion, Beverly
The City of Beverly decided to widen Cabot Street in 1900, and took the front yard and even the steps off the house, but Ezra's daughters, now living in the house by themselves, had no intention to move. After years in that state, it was only after Melanie died in 1924 that Ella moved out and
the house was, according to the family, torn down, although it was reported elsewhere as drastically remodelled. This is highly unlikely given the difference in building fabric and shape of the two buildings. The "Ellingwood Building" was commissioned by Charles Hoyt Ellingwood, and Woolworth was the first retail tenant. That building
Ezra was voted one
of Beverly's selectmen (who oversaw the governmental affairs of the town)
for the years 1832 through 1835.(20)
the selectmen were part of a Board of Health which was to "act and do anything
they may think proper towards securing the town against that deadful scourge,
the Cholera, which is desolating so many places." Those places included
London, where Thomas and Ann (Woodruff) Gooch, ancestors of F. Stoddart
Smith II, very likely were taken by the pandemic. For two years he was
a candidate to represent the town in the county legislature. He is said to have donated land for building a parsonage, (21) and his will indicates that he
retained part-ownership of at least that house. This was very likely for the Washington Street Congregational Church. He was
one of three men who oversaw the construction of the church building in 1836-1837.(22) Ezra was also a director of the Bank of Beverly.(23)
(collection of Beverly Public Library)
Washington Street Congregational Church
The following is Ezra's will:
Know all men by these presents, that I Ezra Ellingwood of Beverly in the
County of Essex and state of Massachusetts, gentlemen, being of sound and
disposing mind and memory to make and publish this my last will and testament.
First, my will is that my just debts and funeral charges shall by my executor
hereinafter named be paid out of my estate as soon after my decease as shall
by him be found convenient.
Second, I give and bequeath to my wife Mary Ann Ellingwood my house furniture.
She is also to receive one-third part of my personal property and the improvement
of one-third part of my real estate, or the income of the same during her
natural life agreeable to her right of dower.
Third, I give and bequeath to Eveline Amelia Ellingwood one-third part
of the homestead so-called consisting of the dwelling house and land under
and adjoining the same.
Fourth, I give and bequeath to my son Edward Payson Ellingwood one-sixth
part of my dwelling house with the land under and adjoining the same and all
my wearing apparel and silver watch.
Fifth, I give and bequeath to my son Lyman Ellingwood one-sixth part
of my dwelling house with the land under and adjoining the same.
Sixth, I give and bequeath to my two daughters Melanie Augusta Ellingwood
and Ella Torrey Ellingwood one thousand dollars each to be paid from my personal
property to be held in trust and in addition one hundred dollars each to be
put in the Savings Bank to be at their disposal.
Seventh, I give to Melanie Augusta Ellingwood one-third part of my interest
in the Parsonage house so-called and one-half of my Spanish claim, interest
paid annually at Beverly National Bank, also my gold watch.
Eight, I give to Ella Torrey Ellingwood one-third part of my interest
in the Parsonage house and one-half of my Spanish claim.
Ninth, I give to my son Charles H. Ellingwood two hundred dollars.
Tenth, I give to my executor hereafter named two hundred dollars for his
trouble and expense he may be subjected to in the performance of his duty
in executing this my will.
Eleventh, I hereby name and appoint Charles H. Ellingwood executor to
this my last will and testament.
Twelfth, I hereby name and appoint Charles H. Ellingwood trustee from
my two daughters Melanie A. Ellingwood and Ella T. Ellingwood. They are to
receive the interest that becomes due every six months on their money held
in trust and in case of sickness such part of the principle as may be needed.
Thirteenth, I give the remainder of property whatever it may be to Edward
P. Ellingwood, Charles H. Ellingwood, Lyman Ellingwood, Melanie A. Ellingwood
and Ella T. Ellingwood each to receive an equal part.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal and publish
and declare this to be my last will and testament in the presence of the
witnesses named below this 30th day of March in the year of our Lord eighteen
hundred and sixty-seven.
Ezra Ellingwood (seal)
The above instrument of one sheet was at the date thereof declared to
us by the testator Ezra Ellingwood to be his last will and testament and
he then acknowledged to each of us that he had subscribed the same, and we
at his request sign our names hereto as attesting witnesses
Joseph D. Tuck
Robert G. Bennett(24)
Ezra died of
old age and is buried next to his daughters, his wives and their parents in
Central Cemetery, Beverly. The family doctor was Augustus Torrey, who married
Ezra's second cousin Sarah Cox. Ezra and Elizabeth's daughter Ella Torrey
Ellingwood was named for him.
children of Ezra and Elizabeth (Haskell) Ellingwood:(25)
i. Edward Payson b. 13 October 1835
ii. Charles Henry b. 17 September 1837
iii. Lyman Haskell b. 1 September 1839 (named Samuel at birth, bap. as Lyman at the Washington St. Congo Church in 1842)
children of Ezra and Mary Ann (Haskell) Ellingwood:
iv. Melanie Augusta b. 3 September 1846, d. 27 March 1848
v. Melanie Augusta b. 9 June 1848, d. 2 February 1924
vi. Ella Torrey b. February 1851
sources for vital records: Ezra's birth, death and marriages can be found in the Beverly, MA, vital
records. His death is also among the Mass. Dept. of Health vital records (1869: vol. 22, p. 166). His first marriage is noticed in the Salem Gazette (20 May 1834, p. 3), shown above, and the Columbian Centinel (21 May 1834), "Capt. Ezra" and "Elizabeth E., daughter of late Samuel Haskell" in Beverly. His second marriage has been found in Massachusetts State Health Dept. records (1845/1846: vol. 18, p. 79), where it says that they were married by Rev. George T. Dole of the Washington Congregational Society, Ezra a widower and merchant, age 57y, 10m (should be 12, this may be a transcription error), 24d. His death is also recorded in the Health Dept. records (vol. 220, p. 166), age 82y, 4 m, 13d, of old age, married, mariner, b., res. and d. in Beverly, son of John, b. Beverly, and Hannah, b. Marblehead. The date is also on his gravestone, Central Cemetery, Beverly.
2. New York Gazette, 10 June 1805, p. 3.
3. Ibid, 27 February 1806, p. 2.
4. Ibid, 26 September 1806, p. 3.
5. Ibid, 9 December 1806, p. 3.
6. Ibid, 19 May 1807, p. 3.
7. Salem Register, 13 July 1807, p. 3; Reperatory, 17 July 1807, p. 3.
8. Salem Gazette, 19 May 1807, p. 3.
9. Essex Register, 3 August 1807, p. 3.
10. Two Brothers, 74 tons, was built in Danvers in 1797. When it was registered on 9 Oct. 1807, Nathaniel Fowler of Beverly was listed as owner and master.
11. Baltimore Price Current, 22 October 1807, p. 4.
12. Salem Gazette 26 Jan 1808, p. 3.
13. Salem Gazette 26 April 1809, p. 3.
14. Salem Gazette 21 July 1809, p. 3.
15. Essex Register 12 August 1809, p. 3.
17. ?Essex County Historical Society Quarterly, "Ship Registers of the District of Salem and Beverly, Mass. 1789-1900" (this needs to be checked. Is this published in the ECHSQ series or by itself? If the latter: (Salem:1906).
19. Beverly town records, vol. , pp. 119, 133, etc. (double check)
20. Ibid (p. 88?).
21. Virginia Carpenter's notes.
23. Salem Gazette, 9 October 1835.
24. Essex County Surrogates Court, wills, vol. 426, pg. 153.
25. Ezra's children's births are recorded in the Beverly vital records.
all text and photographs © 1998-2010 by Doug Sinclair unless where otherwise noted